Rats and Mice
The first Europeans to settle in Australia brought with them rats and mice which remain a significant problem to this day.
Rats carry and transmit serious diseases such as the plague, dysentery, leptospirosis and typhus fever. Rats are very persistent in gaining access to your property for food, leaving behind disease, contaminated food and damage.
Rats can damage your home’s insulation. They chew through floor joists and walls. They cause fires by chewing on electrical cables. Rats can undermine hill sides, retaining walls through their burrowing activity. Rats also present tremendous risk to your outdoors where your pets and children play.
Mice multiply quickly and causing significant damage to your property. They contaminate food and other materials through the droppings they leave behind. Research as suggested mice droppings can be asthma triggers for children. Mice destruction have even caused house fires from chewing through electrical cables.
Not only can rate/mice spread disease, damage property and contaminate food they can also bring other unwelcomed pest like fleas, lice and ticks.
The only effective way to remove rats and mice is with the use of rodenticides that are suited to either indoor or outdoor use and safe for your family and pets.
How To Identify Signs of Rats and Mice
Rats and Mice are commonly nocturnal pests – hiding during the day and out and about at night. You will find it easier to spot the signs of a problem over seeing them.
Signs to look out for are:
- Droppings – usually found in concentrated areas as they leave behind up to 40 droppings per night. Droppings are dark brown about 9mm – 14mm long an look like a large grain of rice.
- Scratching Noises – Rates are agile climbers and can easily gain access roof voids. Hearing scratching noises from above may suggest their presence. They can also be heard scurrying under floorboards and decks.
- Footprints – Rats leave foot and tail marks in dusty, less-used areas of a property. Shining a flashlight at a low angle should reveal tracks. To determine if current activity sprinkle flour or talc powder along a small stretch of floor near the footprints and check for fresh tracks the next day.
- Rub Marks – Rats use established routes along skirting boards and walls due to their poor eyesight. Grease and dirt on their bodies leave smudges and dark marks on objects and surfaces they repeatedly brush against.
- Damage – Rats have teeth that grow continuously so they need to gnaw on wood and plastic to keep trim. Electrical cables in roof voids is a real area of concern. Check for ripped food packaging, as rats tear open food leaving visible teeth marks.
- Nests – Rats build nests in warm, hidden places. Nests can contain young rats near a food source. Check behind and under appliances, such as fridges and freezers.